As you may know, we at the Coffee Magazine are fans of flavour, and it's no different when it comes to wine! So we were delighted to hear of the existence of a book that compares the worlds of coffee and wine written by Morten Scholer (who will be contributing to the next edition of the magazine!). Filled with a plethora of research in both fields, you will spend hours poring through this book. We've got a copy to give away along with a Discover Great Coffee Box! All you have to do is fill in the entry form below.
From the Publisher:
The first of its kind, Coffee and Wine is a comprehensive study and comparison of the growing, producing, marketing and consumption of the two beverages – from tree to cup and from vine to glass.
The book is full of surprises for most readers, whether they are beginners or professionals within the coffee or wine industries. Answering questions such as, why has the consumption of coffee dropped despite the growing number of coffee shops? And, why can more wine be produced from a tonne of red grapes than a tonne of white grapes? Morten explains the technical topics about the drinks using simple language, making the facts and figures accessible for all, from experts and professionals to consumers just enjoying coffee and wine.
'A Cup of Truce' - series
Ekene Ngige has always been interested in art, and in his Lagos-based studio in Nigeria, he is creating works of art using a very unique medium: coffee stains. The result of a happy accident, Ngige’s coffee paintings sell for around €200, and tackle societal issues like inequality and terrorism. We chatted to Ekene Ngige to find out more about his coffee-inspired work…
How did you get into art as a career?
“I had the talent to draw as a little boy; I always wanted to be a professional artist and cartoon animator. I admired Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo’s works. I also had an elder brother I looked up to in drawing comic books. I couldn’t separate myself from my talent so I chased my dream.”
What gave you the idea to start painting with coffee?
“It started in a strategic meeting where I spilled my coffee. It created a fine brown map on my paper that I fell in love with. It looked like watercolour but a bit different. The gold brownish colour and the gloss texture were something I needed to see on a full painting, so I tried it on watercolour paper the moment I got back to my studio and I just loved the outcome. It’s not so different from working with watercolours – same approach. I went further to experiment on canvas and it was amazing and has been my first love amongst my favourite mediums.”
What’s your coffee of choice when it comes to drinking it?
Cappuccino and espresso.
How do you choose your subject matter?
“I choose my subject matter with what’s currently happening around me. Events that are positively and negatively affecting society. Recently there’s been too much hate and violence in the world. My country, Nigeria, has suffered violence from terrorism and ethnic war. So, I needed to pass more messages about love and peace and there’s no better way for me to do that than with my artworks. I try as much as possible to make this message beautiful enough for hearts to connect with and see the beauty in having a peaceful and joyful environment. Poverty has never been my subject matter but mostly victims of war, racial inequality, terrorist attacks, child abuse and gender inequality.”
Tell us about your favourite pieces? What inspired them?
“My favourite piece is ‘The Coffee Break’. It’s a 4x6 ft. coffee on canvas. It depicts some of the major controversial world leaders. Queen Elizabeth II of England hosts them to a coffee date. The coffee break signifies a moment of peace between all these leaders and basically the world – a moment when our leaders have put their differences aside to peacefully discuss a better future for the world. The painting is calling for everyone to exercise a coffee break from hate and make peace with themselves and their neighbors. We should learn to accept everyone no matter the color, tribe or religion. We are from one source.
‘The Cup of Truce’ series are also my favourites. They depict victims of terrorism, ethnic war and religious war holding a tray with a coffee cup installed on it. The Cup symbolises peace. These victims are serving a cup of coffee to the perpetrators asking them to take a coffee break from their crimes.”
'The Coffee Break'
'A Cup of Truce' - series
Your work often speaks to peace?
“The coffee cup and coffee beans are symbols of peace in my coffee break series. Coffee originated from Africa and is still as black and as strong as Africa due to its high rate of caffeine. Africa is peaceful and would like to make peace as the region that lacks it within, and share this peace around the world.”
What’s been the highlight of your ‘coffee meets art’ journey?
“The love and appreciation of my art last year from the media and fans around the world, especially the BBC News reports – it’s been overwhelming. Clients visit me from Europe to buy an art piece, which is wonderful, and I love all my clients and fans.”
What keeps you motivated?
“Due to my physical challenge (overcoming a bout of polio as a young child), people really worried about my future when I was little. They wondered how I would cope. Even my parents wanted me to be a medical doctor so I could take proper care of myself. But I was born to be an artist and I fought hard to live to be who I am today. God brought me this far and will take me further. With faith in him and consistency in what I do, I will get to where I want to be. So, for all those who think the government, society or whatever physical condition is a hindrance to their success in life, my advice for you is to continue enjoying what you do best and believe in God. Your sunny days will definitely come – only you can stop you.”
Follow Ekene Ngige on Instagram to check out more of his beautiful coffee paintings and other incredible artwork.
Coffee is a constant in our culture, but the way we enjoy it often adapts to suit our changing lifestyles. From the first known coffee houses in The Netherlands, the coffee house has been at the centre of many different cultures. Take a journey through the Evolution of Coffee Culture.
Over the last few years, there has been more focus and support for females to consider a career in the coffee industry. The Neighborhood Barista spoke to Lizé Taljaard from Royal Roastery in Bloemfontein about Female Empowerment in the coffee industry.
Why did we choose to speak to Lizé you might ask? Well, if she isn’t running the show behind the scenes at Royal Roastery as an administrative manager, she’s behind the espresso bar pouring drinks and brewing coffee at competitions. She recently placed Third in the 1st Central South African Regional Barista Championships and also kicked coffee ass at the South African Aeropress Championships in Cape Town, placing Third among her competitors. So listen up, she might have some interesting things to say.
A couple of years ago, when coffee was only starting to make a voice for itself in Bloemfontein, Lizé found solace in a small coffee shop tucked between big name brands in a local shopping mall. For her it was never just coffee; “connecting with people over coffee and building relationships with them. Customers became friends. I knew there wouldn’t be any other industry I would feel so passionate about. The coffee shop became my second home and my work became my lifestyle”, Lizé says. We asked Lizé a couple of questions regarding Females and Female Empowerment in the coffee industry and this is what she had to say.
Why do you think there should there be more investment for baristas in South Africa, especially female baristas?
We should stop looking at being a barista as a “part-time” or “temp” job but rather a career in which you can grow. This industry isn’t dominated by men anymore, there are so many talented female baristas out there. If we invest time and effort in female baristas, they might change their mind-set from thinking that they aren’t “competitive enough”. As the coffee industry is constantly changing and evolving, and if more baristas and of course female baristas are properly trained, the consumer will definitely profit from their skills and education. Good coffee doesn’t necessarily mean that it only comes from specialty coffee cafés/shops.
Do you think there is currently more female involvement in the coffee industry? Why would do you think so?
Of course, it’s 2018! We saw this year the amazing courage and competitiveness women in this industry have, there were more female baristas competing in World Coffee events, Agnieszka Rojewska from Poland became the first female barista to win the World Barista title, and that is absolutely amazing. Lest we shouldn’t forget about all the hard-working women behind the scenes that work with harvesting, sorting and field work on the thousands of coffee farms around the world!
Coffee is about community, what's the most important role that females and female baristas can add to the coffee community?
This is a bit of a tricky question, but what I do feel and I have seen before is that females help inspire the coffee community, with better, creative and new ideas. They help push their own boundaries, but also their colleagues'. What the main idea here is, is that everyone wants to be recognized and appreciated for what their great at, females help add confidence to the community and the industry. Helping people see their true potential and give them the credit which they deserve.
What's the most difficult thing for you as a female in this industry, and also with the demographic of people you serve?
Coffee is still very young in Bloemfontein, and as it is still growing and finding its feet, I wouldn’t necessarily say there is much of a gender gap between the baristas here. Working in this industry has taught me so many different skills and responsibilities. It might not always be an easy going career, but it’s about the passion and craftsmanship you serve to your customers each day. So many of our customers love their coffee extremely hot and with loads of sugar, I cringe at the sight of it, but we should respect what the consumer wants. So the most difficult thing for me is probably educating people about my passion and letting them see why I love working for a coffee company.
Final question, do you think that the world of coffee will see even more growth that will involve more female input?
Definitely!! Coffee is such a massive commodity with still a lot of potential to grow even bigger and better! Look at where South Africa was 10 years ago considering coffee, we didn’t think that this consumable will become so enriched, focused and scientific. Imagine where we will be in 10 years from now! More female baristas on the world stage, more female coffee producers and female farmers around the world! The 5th Wave will definitely change the way we regard the female input in this industry, and will help with the expansion thereof!
Coffee is a drink which is consumed by the world, a community connected by such a beautiful, yet simple thing. The coffee industry in the modern age has seen many changes and challenges, but we have learned from our past and made the wrongs right. Each day is a new day for us to face an incomprehensible challenge, or so we may think. For the females in this industry, you should never stop pushing and educating yourself, lets change the world, one equal cup of coffee at a time.
Photo from the awesome Royal Roastery instagram account, give them a follow!
One of the exciting things about A Shot in the Dark as a roasting competition is the mystery and intrigue around the competition coffee. When we ran the inaugural competition last year, the invited Roasteries knew very little about the competition coffee except that it was an 80+ and it came from Nicaragua. It was only when they actually received it, along with an information sheet from the coffee producers Specialty Coffee Exchange and Gold Mountain Coffee Producers in Nicaragua, that they really knew what they were working with.
Neil Maree from Genio, chats with some of the Roasters at last year's A Shot in the Dark competition held at Creative Coffee Week in Durban.
This year, as we scale the competition up, we are inviting ALL roasteries in SA to enter and because of the immense level of interest we decided to ask one of SA's most successful green coffee businesses to partner with Specialty Coffee Exchange, Genio and ourselves to make the event bigger and better....enter Carol Corlett and the team from Sevenoaks Trading!
We caught up with Carol from Sevenoaks and Grant from Specialty Coffee Exchange to find out more about their involvement in A Shot in the Dark 2019:
"Sevenoaks started the business with imports from Zimbabwe, that was our first origin" says Carol. "It was also the place I fell in love with coffee. Jeremy Wakeford, my best friend, mentor and coffee guru made me a plunger coffee in Mutare at the Mill and it was love at first sight. That cup of coffee I shall never forget for as long as I live! Our business grew from a few pallets of coffee in a garage in June 1999, to where we are today, almost 20 years later. We are pretty excited about A Shot in the Dark and just in general about this new year as well!!"
The Coffee Mag: This is such exciting news that Sevenoaks is going to be the Official Sponsor of the A Shot in the Dark's coffee for the Preliminary Rounds! Can you tell us why Sevenoaks decided to get involved in this event in 2019?
Carol: Myself, representing Sevenoaks and Nicodemus in his own capacity were honoured to be invited to the Creative Coffee Week last year and one always wonders what a first time event will be like? Well, I have to admit that the excitement, the vibe, the coffee community getting together like that, blew my mind! Its times like that where I realize how absolute privileged we all are to be part of this industry. The part Sevenoaks plays is on the green bean side, so the best way for us to support this initiative is to supply the beans for the roasting competition, hence our involvement. As a “young” coffee country South Africa there is still so much scope and we’d like to contribute in any way to grow the industry.
TCM: It’s a big year for Sevenoaks, 20 years young! Tell us a little about this milestone.
Carol: 20 years have flown by, it feels like yesterday that Konrad Brits (Sevenoaks was his brainchild – sadly not part of the group anymore) and myself sat waiting for our first coffees. Today we have a staff complement of more than 20 people and an office and warehouse in both Johannesburg and Cape Town. Here's to the next 20 years!
TCM: You have been in this Industry a long time and you’ve been a role model for so many people. What is it about Coffee and Sevenoaks as a business that you love so much?
Carol: To me the biggest treasure is the staff and the people (customers and suppliers) with whom I have built relationships with over the years. Without all of them, this business would not have come this far and grown this much. It’s an incredible exciting time, with growth still possible each day. I mentioned Jeremy Wakeford, who has over 53 years’ experience in coffee and he always says he still learns something new each and every day. So can you imagine what is still out there for us to learn! Will never get tired or bored and just know that without coffee my life would not have been as full and adventurous as it has been. Coffee and adventure flows through my veins, so nowhere else I’d rather be than right here.
Grant Harrison from Speciality Coffee Exchange adds: "The First Edition of A Shot in the Dark in 2018 was a great experience for all, in my opinion. There was healthy competion between the Roasters and all really applied themselves to the tricky honey coffees we supplied. The entire Creative Coffee Week was a great platform for open discussions about our industry and where we want to drive it."
TCM: Without revealing too much, can you tell us a bit about what you have in mind for this years finals coffee? when was it harvested, it’s cupping score at origin and why you think it’ll be an exciting coffee for the competitors to get their hands on?
Grant: All I'm saying is it's a 90+ "Wild Forest" coffee, currently being harvested at origin.
TCM: Last year Ben Weiner, from Gold Mountain Coffee in Nicaragua joined us at Creative Coffee Week and spoke extensively about the role of the producer in the coffee used for A Shot in the Dark. Why do you think was so important to the Roasters?
Grant: It is not often Roasters in SA get to meet a Specialty Coffee producer and farmer, especially on their home turf, and learn about the efforts and challenges in producing a higher scoring specialty coffee at farm level. Coffee is after all about relationships from farm to cup.
If you want to enter A Shot in the Dark, watch the video from last year, read up on our Sponsors and more, then click on this link to visit the dedicated webpage.
Zawadi Coffee – the Swahili name for gift – is giving women in western Kenya the gift of an independent livelihood. In the highlands of Kenya’s Rift Valley, women are growing their own coffee as part of a pioneering Fairtrade project and success story, Growing Women in Coffee. Launched in 2010, the project empowers women to plant, grow, harvest and sell their own coffee, and earn an income independent from their husbands.
Female farmers in Kenya seldom own land or coffee bushes, despite contributing nearly 70% of the labour required to produce coffee. The land and coffee bushes usually belong to the men in the family, and as a result, women were unable to join farming cooperatives, sell their own coffee, or earn an income for their work. A lot of the family responsibility lies with the women – everything from cooking, cleaning, caring for the children and collecting firewood – but they have no property or money of their own.
“In Kenya, a woman will first help out on her father’s farm, and then she will work on her husband’s farm when she is married. She will work often 12 hours a day, tending the coffee bushes and attending to household duties.” – Marion Ng’ang’a of Fairtrade Africa
With the support of Fairtrade Africa, women were gifted coffee bushes by their husbands, which enabled them to form and become members of the Kabng’etuny and Kapkiyai Women in Coffee Associations. Through these cooperatives, the women have been empowered to learn more about coffee husbandry, environmental conservation, entrepreneurship and leadership skills, marketing techniques, and sustainable farming practices, all of which have helped them obtain Fairtrade certification and earn their own income.
“Because they own their own coffee bushes they can be a member of the cooperative society, they can attend meetings where their voices are heard, and they can learn how to grow higher quality coffee.” – Marion Ng’ang’a of Fairtrade Africa
The Kabnge’tuny and Kapkiyai cooperatives are in the highlands of the Kenyan Rift Valley, where the climate and soil provides ideal conditions for growing premium Arabica coffee. The women have been trained in good agricultural practices to increase their quality and yield, as well as how to protect themselves and their crops from climate change. They’ve also been assisted by the construction of biogas units in their homes as an alternative to firewood and charcoal, which reduces the time women have to spend gathering firewood.
Changing lives through fair trade
Fairtrade is about reducing poverty in developing countries through fair terms of trade. It empowers farmers and workers through better prices for their product, increased market access, improved working conditions, technical support, and sustainable farming practices. Basically, when you pay a higher price for Fairtrade coffee, the money goes directly to the farmers who grow it, helping them to improve their skills, uplift their communities, and protect the environment. And in this case, supporting Women in Coffee associations promotes gender equality and empowers women to take control of their lives and contribute financially to their households.
“It has reduced the dependency on one single source of income for the families. When women’s coffee is marketed separately, their coffee may fetch a different price which at the end of the day will come back to the family to supplement what the husband will earn from his coffee and the other sources of family income. Our husbands are happy that we are empowered to support them financially in the family.” – Dorcas Jeptanui, Chairlady Kapkiyai Women in Coffee Association
More than 480 women’s lives have been impacted by the Growing Women in Coffee project, and we can only hope it goes from strength to strength, inspiring other coffee-growing communities.
You might have come across references to the third wave of coffee, or heard cafés refer to themselves as part of the third wave…but what exactly is it? And what happened to the first and second wave? If, like me, you sometimes find yourself nodding emphatically when you have no clue what the coffee connoisseurs are talking about, here’s what you need to know…
Basically, the first wave introduced your average ‘cup of joe’ to the home of your Average Joe. Mass produced, first wave coffee had no special roast or flavour profiles, but it was widely accessible and quickly became a household item. This led to the second wave, which came with an increase in the quality of coffee and the rise of café culture – thanks to the introduction of coffee shop chains like Starbucks. Espresso drinks took off as the coffee scene became more social, and consumers started to pay attention to the sourcing, roasting, and blending of their coffee.
A culinary appreciation for coffee
This brings us to the third wave of coffee, which is all about quality and craftsmanship – across the entire coffee supply chain – an artisanal movement to produce and appreciate responsibly sourced high quality specialty coffee, from bean to cup. The goal of the third wave is not to mass produce a commercial coffee that tastes the same every time, but to extract subtleties of flavour and unique taste profiles through constantly evolving techniques of growing, harvesting, processing, roasting and brewing the beans.
The third wave is about the culinary appreciation of coffee – and the story behind the cup. Consumers want to know where their coffee comes from, and what makes it distinctive. These specialty coffees are the product of specific microclimates and soils unique to certain regions, and consumers today can find out exactly where their beans came from – down to the individual farms and farmers. Consumers are also much more educated about single origin coffees and how different methods of preparation can impact taste.
The coffee experience
The third wave is also about the consumer experience. As consumers become more aware of the crafting that goes into every coffee, every cup becomes that much more meaningful. What distinguishes a third wave coffee shop is generally its focus on craft rather than commercialisation. These coffee shops are usually unique, both in their offering and aesthetic. A third wave coffee shop is one where serious thought and craftsmanship has gone into the roast profiles and brew methods, and customers are encouraged to expand their horizons.
Often considered a luxury, a coffee from a third wave café is worth the higher price tag because consumers are increasingly interested in learning about the small growing operations and the labour-intensive efforts behind the beans. And the increased transparency in the supply chain has resulted in better working conditions and fairer wages for many coffee-producing communities in third world countries.
There’s already talk of a fourth wave of coffee, but no-one seems certain yet of just what that movement will look like. If we continue down the road of respecting the efforts of everyone involved in the supply chain, maybe the fourth wave will see more coffee-producing communities lifted out of poverty through the world’s shared love of coffee and the people behind it.
We love what the team at Red Band Barista Academy do. They are looking for a new round of students to join their program. If you know of someone in the PE area looking for an opportunity to get themselves an employable skill, please send them the link so they can get in contact with Shaun and Ryan.